Canadian Military Lingo
I have had occasion to order my grandfather's and my uncle's service records from the Veteran's Affairs Office in Ottawa, Ontario, in
the past few years. These ARE available to the researchers IF the person in question has been deceased for a minimum of 20 years and proof
can be supplied. I had no death certificates in either case, however, I sent a photo of their tombstone, a copy of their obituary, my relation
to them and my reason for wanting the information and had little trouble getting the documents.
After I received the documents, there was some of the lingo that I didn't understand. Some I figured out on my own,
the rest I took to my local Legion to ask some War Veterans. I have since stumbled upon a listing of some of the more
common meanings for the military shorthand.
For more Military Resources visit this web page : Free Canadian Online Military Resources
- CEF - Canadian Expeditionary Forces
- SOS - Struck on Strength
- TOS - Taken On Strength
- OS - Overseas
- OMFC - Overseas Military Forces of Canada
- POD - Port of Debarkation
- POE - Port of Embarkation
- ROE - Rules of Engagement
- DOW - Died of Wounds
- WIA - Wounded in Action
- SW - Shrapnel / Shell Wound
- NSI - Not Seriously Injured
- III - Incapacitating Illness
- VSII - Very Seriously Ill / Injured
- MIA - Missing In Action
- KIA - Killed In Action
- PUO - Pyrexia of Unknown Origin (high fever)
- RTB, RTC, RTU - Returned to Base, Corps or Unit
- AWL - Absent without Leave (or permission)
- AWOL - Absent without Official Leave (or permission)
- AD - Active Duty
- DA - Direct Action
Shrapnel is one or more pieces of small, sharp, jagged fragments of metal that gets its name from the inventor of the shell case bullet,
General Henry Shrapnel (1761-1842), a British artilleryman.
RTB,RTU,RTC is often found on the record after an absence spent in the infirmary, hospital or Staty,short for stationary, which also means hospital, or on authorized leave.
Action is another of those military catchall phrases to smooth out more accurate descriptions like destruction or kill-or-be-killed
Engagement is meant in the military for hostile fighting
War Medal Information
I have found the following sites that best illustrate and explain about War Medals. I forward you
hear rather than copy the same information to this site...hope you don't mind.
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Medals of the World by Megan C. Robertson
This site provides Ribbon Charts, Text Lists, Links and References.
Medals of the Great War
A collection of brief descriptions and images of the medals and awards given during the Great War era. Arranged by nation.