Christmas Bird Count - 2012-2013

David Christie

From N.B. Naturalist / Le Naturaliste du N.-B. (Vol. 40, No. 2; 2013)

This report summarizes the results of 45 Christmas Bird Counts (CBCs) conducted in New Brunswick this winter. (There was also a count at Saint-Paul and probably one at Paquetville, but I don't have their results.)

Overall, weather conditions during the counts were about average but with less precipitation than usual. On the other hand, one count, Springfield, was cancelled because of snow on its chosen day. Snow cover increased from very little early in the CBC period to substantial near its end.

Approximately 1050 participants, spending about 1600 party-hours in the field and reporting from at least 360 feeder sites counted 143,280 individual birds (4.4% less than the 20-year average) of 145 species on count day (two less than the previous-year's record) plus 16 additional species during the count period.

This record overall variety of 161 was partly due to the late occurrence of species that are not normally expected in winter, such as Osprey, Broad-winged Hawk, Eastern Bluebird, Gray Catbird, Ovenbird, and Lincoln's Sparrow, as well as rarities like Golden Eagle and Ivory Gull. No new species for New Brunswick CBCs were reported on count day, but at Saint John a Snowy Egret was noted for the first time during count period.

chart of Cardinal trend 1985-2012

A highlight was a considerable increase of Northern Cardinals; 369 were reported on 26 counts, primarily in southern areas, but with small numbers in the north. The Red-bellied Woodpecker, 76 of which were counted during the previous year, dropped to 24 in 11 areas this year, but they could well be destined to follow the spread of Cardinals, and of Mourning Doves ahead of them. Carolina Wren (3 birds in 3 areas) and Tufted Titmice (none this year) have not yet developed momentum for a south to north expansion in New Brunswick.

Among waterbirds, Canada Geese and Mallards were especially numerous. Low numbers of alcids and Black-legged Kittiwakes were reported, suggesting that suitable food may have been scarce in near-shore waters of the Bay of Fundy. Surprisingly few Purple Sandpipers were reported.

There was no major flight of northern raptors, Rough-legged Hawk and Snowy Owl both being counted in below average numbers. The better than average count of Bald Eagles presumably represents their continuing recovery from depressed numbers during the DDT era.

There was a good flight of Common Redpolls at 13,000+ (with a few associated Hoary Redpolls) and a moderate incursion of Pine Grosbeaks (1100+). Evening Grosbeaks were up to an average number for the past 15 years, but low compared to years previous. American Goldfinches though scarcer than usual, were the second most numerous finch at 3100+.

Among fruit-eating birds, moderately low numbers of American Robins occurred, mainly near the Fundy coast, whereas somewhat more Bohemian Waxwings were in the southern third of the province and along the north shore.

For regularly counted species, in the tables of results, a symbol of plus and/or minus signs indicates how the CBC provincial totals compare to the average of the past two decades.

Results of the following counts at Miramichi, Dalhousie, Restigouche, and inland, are presented in this two-paged table:

Miramichi (Mir) 41st year
Dec. 18, 08:00-18:00. Cloudy (10% a.m., 25% p.m.); no precipitation; temp. -15° to -5°C; wind NW, 10-15 km/h. 10 cm snow cover; brooks mostly open; ponds mostly frozen; river 75% frozen with open areas throughout its length. 7 field observers in 4 parties, plus 10 persons at 8 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 22 (4 on foot, 18 by car); tot. party-km, 339.5 (7.5 on foot, 332 by car).
Pam Watters (compiler).

Dalhousie (Dal) 28th year
Dec. 29, ?:00-?:00. Partly cloudy a.m., overcast p.m.; temp. -8° to -7°C; wind NW, light (a.m.) to light NE (p.m). light snow cover; ponds and small water frozen; estuary and open, with considerable drifitng ice. 7 field observers in 3 parties, plus 11 feeder observers; tot. party-hours, 23 (? on foot, ? by car); tot. party-km, 116 (18 on foot, 98 by car).
Mike Lushington (compiler), Pat McGorlick (feeder compiler).

Restigouche (Rst) 23rd year
Dec. 27: ?:00-?:00; overcast, no precipitation; wind NW, barely any; temp. not reported (mean -7° at Charlo); snow cover not reported, ground barely frozen; water open from bridge down river. 11 field observers in 7 parties, plus 29 persons at 26 feeder sites; total party-hours, 96 reported but c. 50 seems more likely (? on foot, ? by car); tot. party-km, 399 (9 on foot, 390 by car).
Irene Doyle and Margaret Doyle (co-compilers).

Sussex (Ssx) 40th year
Dec. 15, ?:00 to ?:00. Clear; mean temp. -5.5°C; mean wind 29 km/h. Ground bare; water 50% frozen. 12 field observers in 7 parties plus 8 feeder reports; tot. party-hours, 41 (13 on foot, 28 by car); tot. party-km, 438.5 (28.5 on foot, 410 by car).
John Arisz (compiler).

Hammond River-Hampton (Htn) 40th year
Jan. 5, 06:15-16:45. Sunny a.m., overcast & flurries midday, broken cloud p.m. temp. -5° to -6°C; wind NW, 20-25 km/h. Snow cover 30-40 cm, less under forest cover; Most fresh water frozen. 34 field observers in 9 parties, plus 84 persons at 59 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 59 (11 on foot, 47 by car, 2 nocturnal); tot. party-km, 785 (24 on foot, 761 by car).
Jim Wilson (compiler).

Cambridge-Narrows (C-N) 43rd year
Jan. 4, 08:30. to 16:00. Overcast, no precipitation; temp. -15° to -5°C; wind W, 6 km/h. Ground snow covered; brooks & lake frozen. 9 field observers in 4 parties, plus 27 persons at 18 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 19 (0.5 on foot, 18.5 by car); tot. party-km, 170 (1 on foot, 169 by car).
Joyce Robinson (compiler).

Jemseg (Jem) 50th year Dec. 29, 7:30-16:30. Clear and sunny; temp. -11° to -2° C; wind SW, 4 km/h. 30 cm of fresh snow; water frozen except where Coy and Harrts lakes meet and at Gagetown ferry. 19 field observers in 11 parties, plus 13 persons at 12 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 60 (15 on foot, 45 by car); tot. party-km, 426 (33.5 on foot, 392.5 by car).
Roberta MacKenzie (compiler).

Fredericton (Ftn) 57th year
Dec. 16, 6:00-19:00. Clear all day; temp. -18° to -12°C; wind calm. Snow cover ?; still water frozen, moving water partly open. 43 field observers in 24 parties, plus 29 feeder reports; tot. party-hours, 105 (46 on foot, 59 by car); tot. party-km, 725 (93 on foot, 632 by car).
Ron Wilson (compiler).

Mactaquac (Mac) 33rd year
Jan. 1, 8:00-16:30. Clear a.m., partly p.m.; temp. -8° to -3°C; wind NW, 10-40 km/h. Snow cover 43-49 cm; still water frozen, moving water partly open. 10 field observers in 6 parties; 4 at feeders; tot. party-hours, 39.75 (8.5 on foot, 31.25 by car); tot. party-km, 403.7 (10.5 on foot, 393.2 by car).
Beverley Schneider (compiler).

Chipman/Minto (Ch-M) 7th year
Dec. 29, 08:00-18:00. Sunny, clear sky; temp. -12° to -4°C; calm. Snow cover 35 cm; water 5% open. 9 field observers in 5 parties, + 19 persons at 16 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 25.5 (3 on foot, 22.5 by car); tot. party-km, 411 (5 on foot, 406 by car).
Liz Mills (compiler).

Stanley (Sty) 40th year
Dec. 15, 08:00-17:00. Cloudy with heavy flurries; temp. -9° to -5°C; wind NW, 20, gusting to 40 km/h. Snow cover 10 cm, trees free of snow; still and moving water partly frozen. 11 field observers in 5 parties, plus 11 persons at 6 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 22.5 (6 on foot, 16.5 by car); tot. party-km, 342 (10 on foot, 332 by car).
Julie Singleton (compiler).

Woodstock (Wsk) 49th year
Dec. 14, 8:00-16:30. Sunny with clouds; temp. -2° to +3°C; some wind. Ground frozen, snow cover ?; some water open, some frozen. 23 participants, ? field observers in ? field parties, reports from 9 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 23 (1 on foot, 22 by car); tot. party-km, 257 (1 on foot, 256 by car).
Kathryn Campbell (compiler).

Florenceville (Flo) 33rd year
Dec. 26, 8:00-16:00. Cloudy, no precipitation; temp. -11° to -9°C; calm. Ground snow-covered; St. John River frozen, with open areas. 3 field observers in 2 parties, plus 9 persons at 9 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 3.5 (1.5 on foot, 2 by car); tot. party-km, 80 (2 on foot, 78 by car). [Field effort less than required for a recognized Christmas Bird Count, but listed because of the area's long history.]
Helen Lovely (compiler).

Glassville-Juniper (G-J) 29th year
Jan. 5, 08:00-16:00. Overcast with light snow; temp. -6° to -12°C; wind NE, 20 km/h. Snow cover 40 cm; standing water frozen, running water 90% frozen. 3 field observers in 3? parties, plus 15 persons at 13 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 11 (6 on foot, 5 by car; + 0.5 hr nocturnal observation); tot. party-km, 112 (7 on foot, 105 by car; + 1 km nocturnal).
Sally McIntosh (compiler).

Nictau-Riley Brook (Nic) 40th year
Jan. 4, 9:00-16:00. Cloudy; temp. -18° to -8°C; wind NW, 8-10km/h. Snow cover 25-30 cm; river 95% frozen. 3 field observers in 2 parties, plus 7 persons at 6 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 10 (2 on foot, 8 by car); tot. party-km, 62 (2 on foot, 60 by car).
Roger Jenkins (compiler).

Saint-Léonard (StL) 9ième année
Le 30 déc., 9h00 à 17h30. Ciel couvert, neige 5 hr; temp. -5° à -9°C; vent NO, 20-40 km/h. 32-38 cm de neige sur terre, couverture 100%; couverture de glace, lacs et étangs 100%, rivières et ruisseaux 90%. 9 observateurs en 5 groupes sur le terrain, plus 1 personne à une poste d'alimentation; tot. de heures-groupe, 22.5 (2 à pied, 20.5 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 325 (4.5 à pied, 320.5 en voiture).
Roy LaPointe (compilateur).

Saint-Anne-de-Madawaska (SAM) 8/9ième année
Le 22 déc., 8h40 à 17h15, la nuit 17h30 à 18h45. Ciel couvert, pluie et neige mixte 0.5 hr., neige 1 hr; temp. +2° à +4°C; vent SE, 3-12 km/h. 10 cm de neige sur terre, couverture 100%; couverture de glace, lacs et étangs 100%, rivières et ruisseaux 40%. 4 observateurs en 2 groupes sur le terrain; tot. de heures-groupe, 13.5 (0.5 à pied, 13 en voiture, + 1.25 nocturnelles); tot. de km-groupe, 184.5 (1 à pied, 183.5 en voiture).
Roy LaPointe (compilateur).

Edmundston (Etn) 26ième année
Le 15 déc, 8h00 à 15h15. Plutôt nuageux, aucune precipitation; temp. moyenne -6° à -11°C; vent NO, 6-10 km/h. neige au sol 8-12 cm, couverture 100%; couverture de glace lac et étangs 100%, rivières et ruisseaux 10%. 12 observateurs en 6 groupes sur le terrain, plus 2 personne à 2 postes d'alimentation; tot. de heures-groupe, 34 (2.5 à pied, 31.5 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 481.5 (5 à pied, 476.5 en voiture).
Roy LaPointe (compilateur).

Mount Carleton Provincial Park (MtC) 34th year
Dec. 27, 9:00-15:00. Mostly cloudy, no precipitation; temp. -8°C; wind N, 5-10 km/h. Mean snow cover 23 cm; water 90% frozen. 2 field observers in 1 party; tot. party-hours, 6 (2 on foot, 4 by car); tot. party-km, 64 (2 km on foot, 62 by car).
Roger Jenkins (compiler).

Southeast Upsalquitch (SEU) 31st year
Dec. 20, 08:39-15:20. Overcast most of the day with hazy sun now and then; a few sunny breaks in the afternoon but mostly cloudy. No precipitation; temp. -6° to -4°C; dead calm all day. Snow cover c. 15 cm; river 90% frozen, Portage Lakes frozen. 3 field observers in 3 parties; tot. party-hours, 10 (9 on foot, 1 by car); tot. party-km, 64 (18 on foot, 46 by car).
Rod O'Connell (compiler).

Red Bank / Sunny Corner (RdB) 8th year
Dec. 15, 08:20-16:45. 50% cloud cover at start and ca. 25% end, no precipitation; temp. -8° to -6°C; wind NW, 10-20 km/h. 40% snow cover, with maximum depth 10 cm; 90% ice cover on Northwest and Little Southwest Miramichi Rivers, brooks with 50% ice cover, ponds 100% ice cover. 8 field observers in 2 parties, plus 7 persons at 6 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 15.5 (all by car); tot. party-km, 281 (all by car).
Dave McLeod (compiler).

Results of the following coastal counts are in this three-page table.

Grand Manan (GM) 42nd year
Dec. 16, 8:00-17:00. Overcast a.m., partial clearing p.m.; temp. -10° to -6°C; wind NNE, 10-15 km/h. No snow cover; moving water open, still water frozen. 15 field observers in 8 parties, plus 3 persons at feeders; tot. party-hours, 35 (10.5 on foot, 24.5 by car); tot. party-km, 228.3 (28.9 on foot, 199.4 by car).
Durlan Ingersoll (compiler).

Eastport-Campobello (E-C) 46th year
Dec. 26, 7:00-3:30 EST. Clear a.m., cloudy p.m.; temp. -10° to -2°C; wind N, 0-16 km/h. still water frozen, moving water partly open. 12 field observers in 6 parties; tot. party-hours, 37.95 (3.5 on foot, 33.45 by car, 1 by boat); tot. party-km, 240.5 (5.28 on foot, 233.6 by car, 1.6 by boat).
Maurice Mills (compiler).

St. Stephen (StS) 12th year
Dec. 16, 8:30-13:00. Partly cloudy; temp. -15° to -8°C; wind NW, 10 km/h. 2 cm of hard crunchy snow; still water frozen, St. Croix River mostly open. 11 field observers in 5 parties, plus 10 persons at 10 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 26 (5 on foot, 21 by car); tot. party-km, 314 (10 on foot, 304 by car).
Bill Nelson (compiler).

St. Andrews (StA) 52nd year
Dec. 15, 09:00-16:00. Clear; temp. -10° to -15° C; wind NW, 10-15 km/h. no snow cover; salt water open, no shore ice; Chamcook Lake mainly open, Oak Bay mostly open, other freshwater bodies frozen, running water open. 10 field observers in 8 parties, plus 6 persons at 5 feeders; tot. party-hours, 32.5 (9 on foot, 23.5 by car); tot. party-km, 178 (18 on foot, 160 by car).
Tracey Dean (compiler).

Blacks Harbour (BH) 50th year
Jan. 3, 7:45-17:00. Clear a.m., partly cloudy p.m.; temp. -15° to -9°C; wind NW, 11-15 km/h. Snow cover 30-45 cm; still water frozen, moving partly open. 9 observers in 5 parties; tot. party-hours, 43.25 (9.75 on foot, 33.25 by car, 0.75 by boat); tot. party-km, 218 (14.5 on foot, 194 by car, 9.5 by boat).
Katherine Dewar (compiler).

Lepreau (Lep) 49th year
Dec. 15, 08:10-14:37. Sunny & clear.; temp. -8° to -5°C; wind NW, 20 km/h. Ground bare; no ice. 6 observers in ? parties; tot. party-hours, 14 (1 on foot, 13 by car); tot. party-km, 136 (1 on foot, 135 by car).
David McCurdy (compiler).

Saint John (SJ) 56th year
Dec. 29, 8:00-17:00. Clear a.m, becoming cloudy in p.m.; temp. -10° to -2°C; light wind early in a.m., increasing to NW 15-25 km/h mid-morning through early p.m, becoming light again later in the day. Snow cover, ranging from 15 cm near coast, up to 40 cm inland; flowing rivers and streams mostly open, some ice in sheltered bays, ponds skimmed with ice; 37 field observers in ? parties, 34 at 27 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 120.25 (59.75 on foot, 60.5 by car); tot. party-km, 755.5 (91.5 on foot, 664 by car).
Richard Blacquiere (compiler).

St. Martins (StM) 32nd year
Dec. 16; 08:30 to 16:30. Sunny, no precipitation; temp. -16° to -6°C; wind NW, mean 11.5 km/h. No snow cover, water open. 14 field observers in 5 parties, plus 2 persons at 2 feeder sites; tot. party-hours, 35 (11 on foot, 24 by car); tot. party-km, 513.5 (28 on foot, 485.5 by car).
Jane LeBlanc (compiler).

Fundy National Park (FNP) 48th year
Dec. 14; 08:30. to 16:30. Mix of sun and cloud; temp. +1° to +6°C; wind, 5 km/h. Ground bare; rivers and brooks open, lakes frozen. 33 field observers in 15 parties + 4 feeder watchers; tot. party-hours, 55.56 (49.93 on foot, 5.63 by car); tot. party-km, 248.1 (114.5 on foot, 133.6 by car).
Dan Mazerolle (compiler), assisted by Alain Caissie.

Riverside-Albert (R-A) 44th year
Jan. 1, 7:30-18:00. Clear, becoming cloudy in late a.m., changing to a few clouds in mid-afternoon; temp. -7° to -1°C; wind NW to W, 5-20 km/h. At the coast light snow cover in woods, 20-35 cm in the open, up to 80 cm on the hills inland. Most fresh water frozen; ice on the sea shore. 16 field observers in 7 parties, plus 6 feeder reports; tot. party-hours, 32.25 (18 on foot, 14.25 by car, + 0.5 hr nocturnal); tot. party-km, 208.8 (32.2 on foot, 175.5 by car, + 0.1 km nocturnal).
David Christie (compiler).

Memramcook-Hillsborough (Mem) 20th year
Dec. 23, 9:00-15:00. Cloudy with light snow; temp. -7° to 0°C; wind SW, 28-30 km/h. 2.5-7.6 cm snow cover; still water partially frozen; running water open. 20 field observers in 9 parties, plus 3 people at feeders; tot. party-hours, 37.5 (6 km on foot, 31.5 by car); tot. party-km, 462 (12 km on foot, 450 by car).
Yolande LeBlanc (compiler).

Moncton (Mtn) 51st year Dec. 15, 7:00-17:00. Partly clear; temp. -8° to -5°C; wind NW, 15-40 km/h. Snow cover 0-20 cm; still water partly frozen, moving water partly open; tidal water open. 33 field observers in 12 parties, plus 42 at feeders; tot. party-hours, 92 (31.5 on foot, 60.5 by car); tot. party-km, 871 (47 on foot, 824 by car). Roger Leblanc (compiler).

Sackville (Sck) 53rd year
Dec. 15, 7:30-17:00. Partly clear all day, no precipitation; temp. -7° to -5°C; wind NW, 10-50 km/h. Snow cover 0-20 cm; still water frozen, moving water partly. 32 field observers in 12-18 parties; tot. party-hours, 108 (60 on foot, 48 by car); tot. party-km, 757 (71 on foot, 686 by car).
Sean Blaney (compiler).

Cape Tormentine (CT) 52nd year
Dec. 17, 07:35-16:30. Cloudy with sunny breaks by 10 a.m.; temp. -3° to +3°C; wind NE, 0-10 km/h, shifting to ENE, 5-20 in early p.m. Light snow cover, 0-20 cm (highly variable from sector tto sector); salt water open with slush and ice floes in coves along the north coast, fresh water mostly frozen. 21 field observers in 8-13 parties, plus 2 feeder watchers; tot. party-hours, 74.5 (51 on foot, 24.5 by car); tot. party-km, 480.9 (85 on foot, 395.9 by car).
Al Smith (compiler).

Shédiac (Shd) 25ième année
Le 16 déc., 08:00-16:30. Soleil; temp. -10° à -5°C; vent ? km/h. Neige ?; couverture de glace ? 25 observateurs en 8 groupes sur le terrain; tot. d'heures-groupes, 63.15 (9 à pied, 54.15 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 628 (20 à pied, 608 en voiture).
Normand Belliveau (compilateur).

Bouctouche (Buc) 15ième année
29 Dec., 6:30-17:00. Clear a.m., partly cloudy p.m.; temp. ?° à ?°C; wind ? Snow cover ?; ice ? 9 field observers in 1-4 parties, feeder reports 2; tot. party-hours, ? (? on foot, ? by car, 1.5 nocturnal); tot. party-km, ? (? on foot, ? by car, 20 nocturnal).
Attila Fust (compilateur).

Kouchibouguac National Park (KNP) 41ième année
Le 19 déc., 8h00-16h30. Nuageux et légères précipitations de neige et/ou pluie verglaçante de 15h00 à 16h30. 2 à 3 cm de neige croutée au sol. Rivières partiellement gelées (10-15 cm; temp. +1° a 0°C; vent ENE, 20-40 km/h avec bourrasques à 50 km/h; rivières partiellement gelées (10-15 cm de glace); lagunes et goulets libre de glace. 9 observateurs en 4 groupes sur le terrain plus 2 personnes à 2 postes d'alimentation; tot. d'heures-groupes, 33.5 (13 à pied, 14.5 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 355 (21 à pied, 334 en voiture).
Victor Savoie (compilateur).

Tracadie-Sheila (Tra) 25ième année
Le 22 déc., 8h00-16h00. Nuageux, averses de pluie, brume épaisse jusqu'au sol; temp. -3° à +1°C; ventde 40-50 km/h. del'est . Peu de neige au sol, baies et rivières partiellement gelées; mer: eau libre. 5 observateurs en 2 groupes sur le terrain, plus 3 personnes observant à 3 postes d'alimentation; tot. d'heures-groupes, 16 (0 à pied, 16 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 289 (en voiture),
Lucille Landry (compilatrice).

Ile Lamèque (Lam) 42ième année
Le 26 déc., 08h00-16h00. Temps clair avec soleil; temp. -5° à -1°C; vent NO, 1-2 km/h. Pas de neige au sol; mer libre de glace. 13 observateurs en 5 groupes sur le terrain; tot. d'heures-groupes, 99 {??, 35-40 plus probable] (? à pied, ? en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 277.1 (8.1 à pied, 269 en voiture).
Émile Ferron (compilateur).

Ile Miscou (Mis) 26ième année Le 15 déc., 08h00-16h00. Partiellement nuageux, aucune précipitation; temp. -12° à -5°C; vent N, 40 km/h. Neige au sol; peu de glace. 10 observateurs en 3 groupes sur le terrain; tot. d'heures-groupes, 21.5 (3.5 à pied, 18 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 198 (6.5 à pied, 191.5 en voiture). Michel Chiasson (compilateur).

Caraquet (Car) 27ième année Le 16 déc., 08h00-16h00. Dégagé début matinée et nuageux par la suite; temp. -7° to -3°C; vent NO, 35 km/h à léger. Petite couverture de neige au sol; la mer partielle glacée. 8 observateurs en 4 groupes sur le terrain, plus un observant à une poste d'alimentation; tot. d'heures-groupes, 23 (3 à pied, 20 en voiture); tot. de km-groupe, 229 (3 à pied, 226 en voiture). Rosita Lanteigne (compilatrice).

Bathurst (Bst) 28th year
Dec. 29, 08:00-15:00. Clear and sunny; temp. -6° to -4°C; wind NW, 10-15 km/h. c. 25 cm fresh snow cover, Bay Chaleur open with slush along beach (to 200 m out), Bathurst harbour ice-covered with lead of open water extending well into the centre, remainder ice-covered. 9 field observers in 6 parties, plus 9 persons at 5 feeders; tot. party-hours, 17.5 (15.5 on foot, 2 by car); tot. party-km, 70.7 (30.7 on foot, 40 by car).
Stuart Wells (compiler).

Footnotes to the tables
Note: 3 species (Ring-necked Duck, Golden Eagle and Winter Wren) that were found only inland were not carried forward to have their totals displayed with others in the table of coastal counts.
Species boldfaced: new species on N.B. CBCs
Number boldfaced: record high, N.B. CBCs
# =  Highest count equals N.B. CBC record
++  much above average numbers
+  above average numbers
±  near average numbers
-  below average numbers
- -  much below average numbers
cp  found during count period (14 Dec - 5 Jan.)
cw  found in count week (count day ± 3 days)
a  12, types not indicated
b  10 sparrows (reported as Chipping but unlikely)
c  11 gulls, 5 sparrows, 12 finches
d  1 Accipiter sp. (hawk)
e  100 ducks sp., 1 finch
f  12 sparrows (reported as Chipping but unlikely), 2 grosbeaks (reported as Rose-breasted but unlikely)
g  22 gulls
h  93 gulls, 2 ???
j  4 Mallard x Black Duck hybrids, 75 scaup, 16 ducks, 1 cormorant, 791 gulls, 1 thrush, 20 sparrows, 22 finches
k  8 crossbills
m  6 gulls, 10 waxwings, 13 finches
n  84 scoters, 1 sparrow
p  7 scoters
r  presumably recently released birds and their descendants
t  likely immigrants from Maine and local releases


New Brunswick Christmas Bird Count Links:

Christmas Bird Counts / Recensements d'oiseaux de Noël

List of compilers / la liste de compilateurs(trices)

Calendar / Calendrier